Religious Movements (6th century BC-4th century BC)

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21.In the Buddhist monasteries of ancient India, a ceremony called ‘Pavan’ was held which-
A. There was an opportunity to choose one speaker each on the subjects of Sangh Parinayak and Dharma and Vinaya.
B. Crimes committed by monks during their stay in monasteries during the rainy season
C. There was a ceremony of admitting a new person to a Buddhist sangha in which his head was shaved and yellow robes were given
D. The day after the full moon of Asadha was the occasion for the assembly of the warrior monks to choose a fixed abode for the next four months of the rainy season.
Option “B” is correct.
22.Who presided over the Buddhist council held in Kashmir during the reign of Kanishka?
A. Lateral
B. Nagarjuna
C. Shudraka
D. Vasumitra
Option “D” is correct.
23.Statement (A); Jainism’s emphasis on non-violence prevented farmers from adopting Jainism Reason (R): Agriculture involves the killing of insects and worms
A. Both A and R are correct, R is the correct explanation of A
B. Both A and R are correct, but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C. A is right but R is wrong
D. A is wrong but R is correct
Option “A” is correct.
24.The concept of the eightfold path is the limb-
A. of the theme of ‘Deepvansh’
B. the theme of ‘Divyavadan’
C. of the contents of the Mahaparinirvana Sutta
D. of the content of the Dharmachakrapravartana Sutta
Option “D” is correct.
25.Milindpanho (Questions of Milind) is in the form of a dialogue between King Milind and which Buddhist monk?
A. Nagasen
B. Nagarjuna
C. Nagbhatt
D. Kumaril Bhatt
Option “A” is correct.
26.By what other name is the bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara known in Mahayana Buddhism?
A. Thunderbolt
B. Manjushree’
C. Padyapani
D. Maitreya
Option “C” is correct.
27.Buddhism and Jainism both believe that-
A. The theory of Karma and Reincarnation is correct
B. Salvation is possible only after death
C. Both men and women can attain salvation
D. Middle way is best in life
Option “C” is correct.
28.What is the most fundamental difference between the Mahayana and Hinayana sects of Buddhism?
A. Emphasis on nonviolence
B. Casteless society
C. Worship of deities
D. Stupa worship
Option “C” is correct.
29.When did Jainism split into Shavetambara and Digambara sects?
A. During the time of Chandragupta Maurya
B. In the time of Ashoka
C. In the time of Kanishka
D. None of these
Option “A” is correct.
30.Match List-I with List-II : List-I A. First Buddhist Council B. Second Buddhist Council C. Third Buddhist Council D. Fourth Buddhist Council List-II 1. Mahakassapa 2. Sabbakami 3. Moggaliputta Tissa 4. Vasumitra
A. A → 1, B → 2, C → 3, D → 4
B. A → 2, B → 1, C → 3, D → 4
C. A → 1, B → 2, C → 4, D → 3
D. A → 2, B → 4, C → 3, D → 1
Option “A” is correct.