Religious Movements (6th century BC-4th century BC)

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41.The name of the sect of Buddhism which was practiced in the countries north of India is?
A. Hinayana
B. Mahayana
C. Nihilism
D. None of these
Option “B” is correct.
42.The foundation of Buddhism is?
A. Four noble truths
B. The Eightfold Path
C. The three jewels
D. None of these
Option “A” is correct.
43.Not included in the Triratna of Buddhism-
A. Buddha
B. Religion
C. Federation
D. Middle way
Option “D” is correct.
44.The rulers of which dynasty gave the last state patronage to Buddhism in India?
A. Pals of Bengal
B. Chalukyas of Gujarat
C. Chauhans of Ajmer
D. None of these
Option “A” is correct.
45.Match List-I with List-II : List-I (Center of Buddhist Education) A. Nalanda B. Odantapuri C. Vikramshila D. Vallabhi List-II (Founder) 1. Kumaragupta I (Gupta Dynasty) 2. Gopala (Pala dynasty) 3. Dharma Pala (Pala dynasty) 4. Bhatark (Maitrak dynasty)
A. A → 1, B → 2, C → 3, D → 4
B. A → 2, B → 1, C → 3, D → 4
C. A → 1, B → 2, C → 4, D → 3
D. A → 4, B → 3, C → 2, D → 1
Option “A” is correct.
46.Anekantism is the core (central) theory and philosophy of which of the following?
A. Buddhism
B. Jainism
C. Sikhism
D. Vaishnavism
Option “B” is correct.
47.The great religious event ‘Mahamastakabhisheka’ is related to which of the following and for whom is it performed?
A. Bahubali
B. Buddha
C. Mahavir
D. Nataraja
Option “A” is correct.
48.Jains believe that Jainism is the result of the teachings of the twenty-four Tirthankaras. In the light of this statement, which one of the following is correct about Vardhaman Mahavira?
A. He was the first Tirthankara and founder of Jainism
B. He was the twenty-third Tirthankara, while the first twenty-two Tirthankaras were considered mythological.
C. He was the last and twenty-fourth Tirthankara, who is not considered the founder of this new religion, but the reformer of the present religious sect.
D. He was not one of the twenty-four Tirthankaras
Option “C” is correct.
49.What is the earliest Buddhist literature that deals with the stories of different births of Buddha?
A. Vinay Pitaka
B. Sutta Pitaka
C. Abhidhamma Pitaka
D. Native
Option “D” is correct.
50.According to Jain philosophy, the creation and upbringing of the universe –
A. By universal law
B. From universal truth
C. Born of universal faith
D. Originated from the universal soul
Option “B” is correct.